• Soviet Visuals

“We comes from God, I from the Devil.” ― Yevgeny Zamyatin, We

Soviet people received their first experience of living together already in kindergarten, where strong-willed and omnipotent educators encouraged children to find their role in a group of peers. Later on those skills were useful in young pioneer camps, communal apartments, in the army barracks, and for many in penal colonies.

New Year party at a kindergarten, 1950

Morning performance at a kindergartenPhoto by Dilip Mehta, 1980

Pioneer (Ignalina). Photo by Antanas Sutkus, 1964

"Young pioneer is loyal to the Motherland, the party, communism" postcard, 1969

Young pioneer at Artek Summer camp, 1939

"Militiaman" painting by Konstantin Vyalov, 1923

School children at the Lenin museum, Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, 1954

In the nursery of the Kupavinsky Fine Cloth Factory. Photo by Valentin Khukhlaev, 1956

Young pioneers in defense drill. Photo by Viktor Bulla, Leningrad, 1937

Parents came to visit their children at Zenkovo young pioneer camp. Photo by Vladimir Sokolaev, 1985

  • Soviet Visuals

Traveling by train in the largest country of the world is predictably an unforgettable experience. The railway has always played a special role in Soviet Russia. It is not for nothing that one of the most famous 1918 revolutionary songs had an energetic refrain: "Our steam locomotive, fly forward/We will stop at the commune/ We have no other way/ We have rifles in our hands!"

Train attendant carrying tea glasses in podstakannik glass holders. Photo by Yuri Belinsky, 1971

Travel booklet in French, 1932

Oktyabrskaya Railway workshops,1939

"Lenin on the way to Petrograd. Heading to the dawn" painting by Semyon Aladzhalov,1960s

Riga Children's Railway. Photo by Thomas Hammond, Latvian SSR, 1958

David Bowie travelling on the Trans-Siberian railway. April 1973

Express. Photo by Arkady Shaikhet, 1939

Train on Chavchavadze street of Batumi, Georgian SSR, 1985

assengers of "Krasnaya Strela" ( Red Arrow) Moscow-Leningrad night train,1980s

"Do not cross the track under the carriages. Life-threatening!" Soviet railway safety poster, 1950s

Prison guards. Photo by Vladimir Skovorodnikov, 1990

"Morning at the railway tracks" painting by Georgy Nissky, 1957

Railway employee. Photo by Vladimir Rolov, 1980s

Parting. On the platform of the Leningradsky station, Moscow,1970

"Soviet railways. Travel by Soviet railway carriages" advertising poster in German, 1960

RT-23 Molodets Soviet Combat Rail-based Nuclear Intercontinental Missile Complex

"Conversation in a train compartment" painting by Zoya Odaynik-Samoilenko,1950s

Minsk – Vilnius – Riga – Tallinn – Leningrad – Moscow – Minsk "Byelorussia" excursion train,1960

Turbojet train. Cover of "Tekhnika Molodezhi" magazine, 1971

Train compartment. Kaliningrad,1980s

"Railways of the USSR. Directions and stations" reference book, 1965

Moscow-Vladivostok train, 1980

Travel poster, 1932

Moskovsky station, Leningrad, 1970s

Tourists arriving at Sochi station. Photo by Peter Marlow, 1981

  • Soviet Visuals

Soviet leaders had almost unlimited power. Cities and ships were named after them but their nationwide glory was short lived, quickly turning into damnation and oblivion. New leaders promised a new life, but their fate was far from cloudless either.

"The Life of Lenin. History of the Russian Communist Party" booklet, 1924

Leon Trotsky talking with a group of Red Army soldiers,1918-1919

Nikolai Bukharin, 1920s

Queue to Lenin's mausoleum, Moscow, 1965

Joseph Stalin, 1918

"For the blood of our unforgettable Kirov, fire on the fascist reptile! "We boldly walked where death was, but we knew for sure that by dying, we will secure victory." S. M. Kirov " Soviet poster, Leningrad, 1942

First-graders watching the funeral of Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee on TV. Photo by Vladimir Vorobiev, Orphanage No. 5. Novokuznetsk,1984

Georgy Malenkov. Time magazine cover, 1953

The leaders of the USSR - Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Bulganin in London, 1956

Portrait of Mikhail Kalinin, 1940s

Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Central Committee of CPSU, 1982

Leonid Brezhnev, Konstantin Chernenko, Alexey Gromyko, Crimea, 1980

"Yakov Sverdlov introduces Lenin to Stalin" sculpture by Ernst Neizvestny,1953

"Brezhnev. Soviet Cosmos" painting by Erik Bulatov, 1977

Dismantling of the monument to Felix Dzerzhinsky on Lubyanka square, Moscow, August 23, 1991

Mikhail Gorbachev, 1980s

"Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union members" poster, 1977

Lavrentiy Beria, 1930s

Portrait of Leonid Brezhnev, embroidered by Turkmen weavers, 1970

"Yakov Sverdlov" film poster, 1940

Post-Soviet visual. Nesting doll, 2021